In 1910, G.K. Chesterton (one of my favorite authors -- I highly recommend The Man Who Was Thursday and the Father Brown mysteries) diagnosed all the world's problems. You can read his famous diagnosis, What's Wrong With the World, at Project Gutenberg. And if you do so, you'll find that Chesterton was a bit of a monster.
If you don't want to read the whole thing, you can read Scott Alexander's excellent review. Chesterton's ideas are wildly conservative, but they are beautifully written:
Chesterton goes on to explain why modern (liberal) values are wrongheaded; he is against feminism, he opposes educating the masses, he is appalled by socialism and against industry. His opposition is rooted in appeals to what he believes are universal values: the desire for order and prosperity, for equality, for each child to have a chance at happiness. Of course he twists these values in the service of (what I believe to be) awful ends.
It is heartening, though, to see how thoroughly his brand of conservatism has lost. Chesterton concludes his essay with a description of contemporary technocratic attempts to reduce the prevalence of lice among poor children:
He ends with a beautiful appeal to what he believes must be a universal value, desired by all:
That is, he believes it incontrovertible that little girls should have beautiful long hair! If you ever doubt that we've come a long way in the last century, remember: the last, unquestionable value, the denominator of Chesterton's thought, is just unimportant today. That red-heard she-urchin should be able to cut her hair however she damn well pleases.